【2019受験用】北海道大学の自由英作文テーマ一覧【2001~2018】

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北海道大学で過去に出題された自由英作文のテーマをすべて掲載しています。

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過去の自由英作文テーマ一覧

※各年度をクリックすると開きます。

2001年度(初年度)

Imagine you are writing an article about smoking in Japan for an international health conference and you are going to include the following information in it.

hokkaido2001

Complete the short paragraph on your answer sheet

 ―comparing Japan’s male and female smoking rates with other countries’

 ―giving a possible reason for any differences

 ―and finishing with your own conclusion based on the information above.

You may write any number of sentences but you must include the words you are given (‘The graph clearly shows …’ etc.). The whole paragraph should be about 60-80 words.

2002年度

Now look at the graph on the next page and write your own paragraph about the amount of housework Japanese men do. Your paragraph should be 100-130 words long (about the same length as the paragraph in〔A〕). Use the following pattern as a guide:

・First sentence ― To introduce the topic, write a sentence describing the amount of housework that Japanese men do. In this sentence it is not necessary to give detailed information.

・Middle sentences ― Support your first sentence by a) using information from the graph to compare Japanese men with from the other two countries, and b) giving two reasons why you think these differences might exist.

・Last sentence ― Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Include your opinion if you want to.

hokkaido2002

2003年度(読解融合)

※本文割愛

Now, considering also Table 1 on the next page, and taking the paragraph in〔A〕as your introduction, write your own essay on possible reasons for:

either (a) why rice production per person varies so much among these ten countries

or (b) why rice consumption per person varies so much among these ten countries.

→Your essay should start with the following words. “In this essay, I will discuss the possible reasons for” followed by (a) or (b) above. For example, your opening sentence might be “In this essay, I will discuss the possible reasons for why rice production per person varies so much among these ten countries.”

→Your essay should be about 100 words long.

→It should be written in English.

hokkaido2003

2004年度

The graph below shows changes in birth rate in Japan from 1985 to 2002. Write a two-paragraph essay in English about the graph.

(1) Paragraph 1 (About 50 words).

Describe the idea shown in the graph.

(2) Paragraph 2 (About 60 words).

Suggest some reasons (at least two) which could explain the changes in birth rate shown by the graph.

hokkaido2004

2005年度

The graph below shows changes in the number of reported crimes in Japan from 1990 to 2002. Write a two-paragraph essay in English about the graph.

(1) Paragraph 1 (about 50 words)

Describe the data shown in this graph.

(2) Paragraph 2 (about 75 words)

Suggest some reasons (at least two) that could explain the changes in the number of reported crimes shown by the graph.

hokkaido2005

2006年度(読解融合)

Read the following text and answer questions A and B below.

※本文とQuestion A割愛

Paragraph 2, 3 and 4 in the text report several ways to resolve the issue of an aging society. Which of the suggested solutions (or your own solution) do you think would work best? Write a short essay (about 70-90 words in English) describing your solution. Give clear reasons to support your opinion.

2007年度(読解融合)

次の英文を読んで,設問〔Ⅰ〕と〔Ⅱ〕に答えなさい。

※本文と設問〔Ⅰ〕割愛

〔Ⅱ〕英文最後の段落は,近年日本社会に起きた変化のため生じている問題を論じている。このような問題について,家庭・学校・職場・政府や自治体などで,何らかの対策を講じることが可能と考えられる。対策の例として,次の(A)~(C)のうち最も効果的と思うものを一つ選び,記号を解答欄の書き出し文の空所に記入しなさい。その上で,選択した対策をどのように実行するか,またなぜそれが有効かを説明した英文を70語から90語程度で書きなさい。ただし,書き出し文は語数に含めない。

※書き出し文は In my opinion, solution ( ) would work best.

(A) encouraging physical activity

(B) limiting advertising of certain kinds of food

(C) promoting education on proper diet

2008年度(読解融合)

Read the following text and answer questions A and B.

※本文割愛

Question A

Summarize in English the opposing views about global warming from the passage in a paragraph of up to 70 words. You may use words and phrases from the text, but not complete sentences.

Question B

In English, write a 70-90 word paragraph answering the following question:

Do you believe you should make changes in your own life due to global warming?

・If yes, explain what changes you feel you should make.

・If no, explain why changes are not necessary.

You may use words and phrases from the text, but not complete sentences.

2009年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer question A through C in English. You may use words and phrases from the text, but do not copy complete sentences.

Question A

What is the author’s main point?

The author claims that _____________

Question B

The author gives three supporting reasons. In one sentence, provide two of these reasons.

Question C

Write a 70-100 word paragraph which argues against the author’s claim. Your paragraph should include reasons, examples or evidence which support the new law.

2010年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer question A through C in English. You may use words and phrases from the text, but do not copy complete sentences.

Question A

In one sentence, explain why wind power is good for the national economy. make sure to use the word “dependent”.

Question B

What are the two criticisms in the text concerning the construction of large-scale wind farms? Complete the following sentence:

Some people ________, while others ________.

Question C

Imagine a wind farm will be built in an open space close to where you live. Write a 70-100 word paragraph which either supports the development or oppose it. You have to give concrete reasons to support your argument.

2011年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage and answer questions A through C in English.

※本文割愛

Question A

What benefits can wives of stay-at-home dads expect? Complete the following sentence.

The wives of stay-at-home dads ________.

Question B

What social stigma may stay-at-home das experience? Complete the following sentence.

Some people may think ________.

Question C

Will stay-at-home dads become common in Japan? State your opinion in 70 to 100 words. Include examples or reasons that support your opinion. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must copy complete sentences.

2012年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A through C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

In your own words, define in one sentence what noise pollution is.

Question B

Complete the following sentence about how noise pollution affects our health.

Because of noise pollution, people ________.

Question C

Noise is an unavoidable part of modern life and cannot be reduced. Do you agree? State your opinion in 70 to 100 words. Include examples or reasons to support your opinion.

2013年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A through C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

Give one good point and one problem of relying on commercial group tours mentioned in the text. Complete the following sentences.

Senior citizens can ________ without ________.

On the other hand, their safety ________.

Question B

What are the benefits of mountain walking mentioned in the text? Complete the following sentences.

People’s health ________.

Mountainous regions can ________.

Question C

People rescued in the mountains in Japan should pay the full costs of their rescue. Do you agree or disagree? Explain why in 70-100 words giving two reasons to support your opinion.

2014年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A to C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

According to the text, what are the four defining characteristics of a “flash mob”? Complete the following sentence.

A flash mob is a sudden public gathering of people which ________. It only lasts for a short time.

Question B

Supporters and critics view flash mobs from different perspectives. Complete the following sentence.

Supporters would say that flash mobs encourage ________, whereas critics argue that flash mobs prevent ________.

Question C

Imagine that you have received the following email invitation from a close friend to attend a flash mob event: “Hi! Let’s get together at Odori Park during the Sapporo Snow Festival this Friday at 6 pm and have a big snowball fight!” Do you think this activity would be worth participating in? In 70-100 words, state your opinion and give THREE specific reasons to support your position.

2015年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A to C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

Complete the following sentence.

This passage implies that homeschooled children may avoid social isolation by means of ________.

Question B

What are the two reasons in the text for patients’ withdrawing their children from school? Complete the following sentence.

Some parents decide to homeschool because they ________, or because they ________.

Question C

Some people may argue that homeschooling should be encouraged in Japan. Write 70-100 words which argue against that idea. Include at least two reasons that support your argument.

2016年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A to C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

Complete the following sentences.

According to the passage, a car is inefficient because it has to transport its own weight regardless of ________ are traveling in it. If the engine is on, a car also wastes fuel in a traffic jam, no matter ________ or not.

Question B

Give two different reasons from the passage why riding a bicycle is better for human health than driving a car.

1 ________

2 ________

Question C

The author suggests that everyone who lives in a city should ride a bicycle to get to work. Write approximately 70-100 words arguing against this suggestion. Give at least two reasons to support your argument. (You will not lose any points if you write more than 100 words.)

2017年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A to C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

Describe how the author and his friend Pierre got to know each other and became good friends.

They met as ________ and soon became good friends because they were both ________.

Question B

Complete the following sentences describing Pierre’s life.

1 On workdays, a 20-minute journey by bike ________.

2 During summer, it is perfectly normal for Pierre ________.

Question C

The text describes two contrasting examples of work-life balance in France and Japan. In your opinion, what are the advantages and disadvantages of the Japanese style work-life balance? Write a 70-100 word paragraph, providing specific reasons to support your opinion.

2018年度(読解融合)

Read the following passage.

※本文割愛

Answer questions A to C in English. You may use words and ideas from the text, but you must not copy complete sentences.

Question A

Complete the following sentence describing the author’s impression of the zoo.

Instead of ________ as in the author’s childhood, the zoo now tries to make animals feel more comfortable.

Question B

The two main reasons in paragraph 2 that Jack gives for being unsympathetic to zoo’s efforts are:

First, ________. Second, ________.

Question C

Jack suggests that zoos could be replaced by television shows. In 70-100 words, argue against the view that TV shows could substitute for zoos. Provide at least two reasons to support your argument.

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